Scholarship Philosophy | James Howard Scholarship Philosophy | James Howard

James Howard A Mathematician, a Different Kind of Mathematician, and a Statistician

image representing a theme in this article

Scholarship Philosophy

My dissertation research focused on the policy, economic, and social effects of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and the Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) programs. The NFIP is a $1 trillion Federal insurance program that provides flood insurance in the United States, where private flood insurance is rarely available. The NFIP itself is subject to risk from extreme weather and global climate change. Because the NFIP is a government program, it is ripe for policy, economic, and social welfare analysis.

The best thing about being a statistician is that you get to play in everyone’s backyard. – John W. Tukey

Today, I extend those core methods across science, policy, and technology. Understanding risk and predicting outcomes are critical for public safety and national security and I am fortunate to play in everyone else’s backyard. My research is largely driven by the needs of those around me. I apply statistical methods in areas as diverse as public health, global security, and space science. My most recent published scholarship has modeled the population of Earth-orbiting satellites, analyzed the risks of flood insurance, predicted disruptive events, and sought to understand small business cybersecurity. I have written two books on my work and have edited two more.

Publications and Presentations

  1. James P. Howard, II, “Phonetic Spelling Algorithm Implementations for R,” Journal of Statistical Software, forthcoming.
  2. James P. Howard, II, Arthur O. Tucker, IV, Stephen A. Bailey, James L. Dean, Michael Boyle, Christopher D. Stiles, William C. Woodcock, “Augmented Reality Post-Disaster Situational Awareness,” Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, forthcoming.
  3. James P. Howard, II, “Ebolavirus Transmissibility in the 2018–2020 Kivu Epidemic,” 2020 Joint Statistical Meetings, Philadelphia, Aug. 4, 2020.
  4. Anna L Buczak, Benjamin Baugher, Christine Martin, Meg Keiley-Listermann, James P. Howard, II, Nathan Parrish, Anton Stalick, Daniel Berman, Mark Dredze, “Crystal Cube: Forecasting of Disruptive Events,” International Conference on Machine Learning and Data Mining MLDM 2020, New York, Jul. 12-14, 2020.
  5. James P. Howard, II and John F. Beyers, Eds., Teaching and Learning Mathematics Online. Boca Raton, Florida: Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2020.
  6. James P. Howard, II, “Math that is Out of this World,” Oakland Mills Online, Columbia, Maryland, May 4, 2020.
  7. Natalie M. Scala and James P. Howard, II, Eds., Handbook of Military and Defense Operations Research, ser. Series in Operations Research. Boca Raton, Florida: Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2020.
  8. James P. Howard, II, “World Religions Month: Hinduism,” ser. Scorpion Speaker Series, Oakland Mills High School, Columbia, Maryland, Jan. 31, 2020.
  9. James P. Howard, II and Maria E. Vachino, “Blockchain Compliance with Federal Cryptographic Information Processing Standards,” IEEE Security & Privacy, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 65–70, 2020, doi:10.1109/MSEC.2019.2944290.
  10. James P. Howard, II, Hurricane ser. Gurps Disasters, Steve Jackson Games, Austin, Texas, 37-1711, 2019.
  11. David C. Challener, Maria E. Vachino, James P. Howard, II, Christina K. Pikas, and Anil John, “Blockchain Basics and Suitability: A Primer for Program Managers,” Journal of Information Technology Management, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 33–44, 2019.
  12. Jeffrey Craig, Rohit Mehta, and James P. Howard, II, “Quantitative literacy to new quantitative literacies,” in Shifting Contexts, Stable Core: Advancing Quantitative Literacy in Higher Education, Luke Tunstall, Gizem Karaali, and Victor Piercey, Eds., ser. MAA Notes. Washington: Mathematical Association of America, 2019, ch. 2, pp. 15–25.
  13. James P. Howard, II, “Blockchain Applications for Distributed Data,” in Abstracts of Papers Presented to the American Mathematical Society, Joint Mathematics Meetings, vol. 40, Baltimore, 2019, p. 278.
  14. James P. Howard, II, “Distributed Snake Oil: Second Thoughts on the Blockchain Revolution,” INFORMS 2018, Phoenix, Arizona, Nov. 4, 2018.
  15. Don Thibeau, Heather Flannery, Adam Migus, James P. Howard, II, “Identity and Trust,” 2018 ONC Interoperability Forum, ser. Security Track, Washington, Aug. 7, 2018.
  16. James P. Howard, II, “Forecasting Artificial Earth Satellite Populations,” 2018 Joint Statistical Meetings, Vancouver, British Columbia, Jul. 30, 2018.
  17. Nathan H. Parrish, Anna L. Buczak, Jared T. Zook, James P. Howard, II, Brian J. Ellison, “Crystal Cube: Multidisciplinary Approach to Disruptive Events Prediction,” in Advances in Human Factors, Business Management and Society, Jussi Ilari Kantola, Salman Nazir, Tibor Barath, Eds., ser. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, AHFE 2018, vol. 783, Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2018, pp. 571–581.
  18. Lorraine Black, Natalie M. Scala, Paul Goethals, James P. Howard, II, “Values and Trends in Cybersecurity,” in Proceedings of the 2018 Industrial and Systems Engineering Conference, Kash Barker, Diana Berry, Chase Rainwater, Eds., Orlando, Florida: Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, 2018, pp. 1820–1825.
  19. James P. Howard, II, “Phonetic Algorithms in R,” Journal of Open Source Software, vol. 3, no. 22, p. 480, 2018, 10.21105/joss.00480.
  20. James P. Howard, II, “Two Fields Separated by a Common Language,” in Abstracts of Papers Presented to the American Mathematical Society, Joint Mathematics Meetings, vol. 39, San Diego, 2018, p. 511.
  21. James P. Howard, II, “The Overhype Cycle of Data Science,” SEMS Says, Industrial Management, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 8–9, 2018.
  22. James P. Howard, II, “Hurricane Harvey Dramatizes Flood Insurance Problems,” Greensboro News & Record, Sep. 3, 2017, reprinted from The Conversation.
  23. James P. Howard, II, “The Problem with Offering Flood Insurance Subsidies,” Columbia Flier, Jul. 27, 2017.
  24. James P. Howard, II, Computational Methods for Numerical Analysis with R, ser. Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing. New York: Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2017.
  25. James P. Howard, II, “Virtual Bumblebees Artificial Life Simulation,” Journal of Open Source Software, vol. 2, no. 13, p. 256, 2017, 10.21105/joss.00256.
  26. James P. Howard, II, “The Needs of the Many and the Needs of the Few,” Baltimore, Maryland: NerdNite Baltimore #8, Apr. 18, 2017.
  27. James P. Howard, II, “And Behind Door #3…,” in Abstracts of Papers Presented to the American Mathematical Society, vol. 38, Atlanta, Georgia: Joint Mathematics Meetings, 2017, p. 394.
  28. James P. Howard, II, “Review of Political Analysis Using R by James E. Monogan III,” Journal of Statistical Software, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 1–3, 2016, doi:10.18637/jss.v074.b01.
  29. James P. Howard, II, “Economics of Martian Infrastructure,” Mars Society, Washington: 19th Annual International Mars Society Convention, Sep. 25, 2016.
  30. James P. Howard, II, “Retrospective Social Discount Rates,” 2016 Joint Statistical Meetings, Chicago, Illinois, Aug. 2, 2016.
  31. James P. Howard, II, “Public Financial Management,” Syllabus, vol. 5, no. 1, 2016.
  32. James P. Howard, II, Socioeconomic Effects of the National Flood Insurance Program, 1st ed., ser. SpringerBriefs in Political Science. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
  33. James P. Howard, II, “Maryland’s Suburban Stormwater Problem,” Baltimore, Maryland: Ignite Baltimore #18, Apr. 21, 2016.
  34. James P. Howard, II, “Review of Meta-analysis with R by Guido Schwarzer, James R. Carpenter, and Gerta Rücker,” Journal of Statistical Software, vol. 70, no. Book Review 1, pp. 1–3, 2016, doi:10.18637/jss.v070.b01.
  35. James P. Howard, II, “Numerical Analysis in R,” Statistical Programming DC, Washington, Dec. 8, 2015.
  36. James P. Howard, II, “Review of Uncertainty Quantification and Stochastic Modeling with Matlab by Eduardo Souza De Cursi and Rubens Sampaio,” Journal of Statistical Software, vol. 67, no. Book Review 7, pp. 1–3, 2015, doi:10.18637/jss.v067.b07.
  37. James P. Howard, II, “Review of Data-driven Modeling & Scientific Computation: Methods for Complex Systems & Big Data by J. Nathan Kutz,” Journal of Statistical Software, vol. 67, no. Book Review 1, pp. 1–3, 2015, doi:10.18637/jss.v067.b01.
  38. James P. Howard, II, “Why this Hammer Costs $435,” Columbia, Maryland: Ignite Howard County #2, Sep. 11, 2015.
  39. James P. Howard, II, “Planning for Martian Polity,” Mars Society, Washington: 18th Annual International Mars Society Convention, Aug. 14, 2015.
  40. James P. Howard, II, “Virtual Bumblebees,” MathFest 2015, Mathematical Association of America, Washington, Aug. 5, 2015.
  41. James P. Howard, II, “Why Congress Should Keep the Imperiled Export-Import Bank”, The Conversation, Jun. 23, 2015.
  42. James P. Howard, II, “Texas Floods Highlight Need to Reform Key Insurance Program”, The Conversation, Jun. 2, 2015.
  43. James P. Howard, II and Scott Beaumont, “Analysis as a Service,” in Digital Leaders. London: BCS, the Chartered Institute of IT, 2015, pp. 20–21.
  44. James P. Howard, II, “Kanban Methods for Agile Course Delivery,” University of Baltimore Fall Teaching & Learning Day, Baltimore, Oct. 17, 2014.
  45. James P. Howard, II, “Social Benefits and Costs of the National Flood Insurance Program,” Dissertation, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, Apr. 22, 2014.
  46. James P. Howard, II, “Using Agile Methods for Course Management and Delivery,” Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management Spring 2014 Conference, Washington, Apr. 12, 2014.
  47. James P. Howard, II, “Private Applications of Local Government Risk Metrics,” American Society for Public Administration 2014 Annual Conference, Washington, Mar. 14, 2014.
  48. James P. Howard, II, “Augmenting the Classroom with Web-based Interactive Demonstrations,” in Abstracts of Papers Presented to the American Mathematical Society, Joint Mathematics Meetings, vol. 35, Baltimore, 2014, p. 413.
  49. James P. Howard, II, “Create a Simple Predictive Analytics Classification Model in Java with Weka,” IBM developerWorks, Nov 1, 2013.
  50. James P. Howard, II, “Implications of Coarse Data Allocation Methods for Flood Mitigation Analysis,” in JSM Proceedings, Government Statistics Section, Alexandria, Virginia: American Statistical Association, 2013, pp. 2997–3001.
  51. James P. Howard, II, “Implications of Coarse Data Allocation Methods for Flood Mitigation Analysis,” 2013 Joint Statistical Meetings, Montréal, Québec, Aug. 6, 2013.
  52. James P. Howard, II, “Our Boo-Boo,” Significance, vol. 10, no. 4, p. 44, 2013, doi:10.1111/j.1740-9713.2013.00685.x.
  53. James P. Howard, II, “Estimating the Net Social Benefits of the National Flood Insurance Program,” Increasing the Utility of Benefit-Cost Analysis, Fifth Annual Conference and Meeting of the Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis, Washington, Feb. 21, 2013.
  54. James P. Howard, II, “Measuring the Impacts of the National Flood Insurance Program,” Eleventh Graduate Research Symposium, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, Mar. 21, 2012, published.
  55. James P. Howard, II, “Trigonometric Functions for a Right Triangle”, Wolfram Demonstrations, Nov. 3, 2011.
  56. James P. Howard, II, “Using Computable Documents for Online Mathematics Instruction,” Wolfram Research Technology Conference 2011, Champaign, Illinois, Oct. 21, 2011.
  57. Christina Ayiotis, James P. Howard, II, Peter Van Buren, “Collaborative Development and Social Media in Government Agencies,” in Knowledge Management Conference and Exposition, Tysons Corner, Virginia, May 2, 2011.
  58. James P. Howard, II, “The MacOS X Command Line,” BSD Magazine, pp. 40–41, May 1, 2011.
  59. James P. Howard, II, “Setting Up Git and Mercurial Servers,” BSD Magazine, pp. 34–35, Mar. 1, 2011.
  60. James P. Howard, II and Peter Van Buren, “Using DVCS Frameworks for Homogenous Systems Management,” Columbia, Maryland, Jan. 12, 2011.
  61. James P. Howard, II, “Review of R Cookbook by Paul Teetor,” Journal of Statistical Software, Book Reviews, vol. 40, no. Book Review 3, pp. 1–3, 2011, doi:10.18637/jss.v040.b03.
  62. James P. Howard, II, “Letter to the Editor,” Los Angeles Times, March 13, 2008.
  63. James P. Howard, II, “SGA Election Rules Fly in the Face of Free Speech,” University of Maryland Diamondback, Apr. 13, 2007.
  64. James P. Howard, II, “The Little Red Menace,” University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, May 3, 2001,
  65. James P. Howard, II, “The Culture of Affluence Looks at the Cold War,” University of Maryland Undergraduate Research Day, College Park, Maryland, Apr. 25, 2001.
  66. James P. Howard, II, “The BSD Family Tree,” DaemonNews, Apr. 1, 2001.
  67. James P. Howard, II, “An Introduction to FreeBSD Ports,” DaemonNews, Jun. 1, 2000.
  68. James P. Howard, II, “The American Invasion of Russia,” University of Maryland College Park Scholars Capstone Conference, College Park, Maryland, May 13, 2000.

Grants and Support

  1. Principal Investigator, Travel Grant. Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Janney Energize Award 2019, (INFORMS 2019, $6,500).
  2. Principal Investigator, Development Grant. Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Ignition Grant 2018, ($10,000).
  3. Co-Investigator, Crystal Cube—The Future Is Here. Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, (PI: Anna Loskiewicz-Buczak), Propulsion Grant 2018, ($500,000).
  4. Co-Investigator, ANTICS—Advanced Network Technology for Integrating Communications in Space. Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, (PIs: Dave Copeland and Ed Birrane), Propulsion Grant 2018, ($500,000).
  5. Co-Investigator, Dynamic Causal Decision Trees for Explainable AI. ANTICS—Advanced Network Tech for Integrating Communications in Space, (PI: Mark Matties), Combustion Grant 2018, ($50,000).
  6. Principal Investigator, Defense and Security Applications for Blockchain Conference. Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Janney Energize Award 2017, ($40,000).
  7. Co-Investigator, Blockchain for Supply Chain Management and Tracking of National Security Assets. Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, (PI: Jaime Arribas Starkey-El), Ignition Grant 2017, ($20,000).
  8. Principal Investigator, Phonetic Spelling Approaches to Indexing Large Populations. Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE), Startup Allocation TG-DBS170012 National Science Foundation (NSF), 2017, (4,655,650 NUs, $1,346).
  9. Co-Investigator, Marco Polo. Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, (PI: Romina Nikoukar), Propulsion Grant 2017, ($250,000).
  10. Co-Investigator, Crystal Cube—The Future Is Here. Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, (PI: Anna Loskiewicz-Buczak), Propulsion Grant 2017, ($350,000).
  11. Co-Investigator, ANTICS—Advanced Network Technology for Integrating Communications in Space. Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, (PIs: Dave Copeland and Ed Birrane), Propulsion Grant 2017, ($350,000).
  12. Principal Investigator, Blockchain-Assured Network Name Service. Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Combustion Grant 2017, ($50,000).
  13. Augmenting the Classroom with Web-Based Interactive Demonstrations. University of Maryland University College, Center for Teaching and Learning Professional Development Grant 2014, (2014 Joint Mathematics Meeting, $508).
  14. Estimating the Net Social Benefits of the National Flood Insurance Program. UMBC Graduate Student Association, Travel Grant 2013, (Fifth Annual Conference and Meeting of the Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis, $500).
  15. Measuring the Impacts of National Flood Insurance Program. UMBC Graduate Student Association, Travel Grant 2012, (William and Mary Graduate Research Symposium, $500).

Image by Michael D Beckwith / Flickr.